Urban Eco-Development in China: Fraunhofer partners with Shanghai Jiao Tong University
With Fraunhofer and Shanghai Jiao Tong University two outstanding research organizations are seeking close partnership to tackle today’s challenges of ecologically compatible urbanization and associated advances in urban planning and construction industry in China.
„Chinas construction sector is facing increasing demands in green and energy-efficient urban development, modernization of building stock, adaptation to digitalization in design and operation as well as industrialized fabrication.“ Prof. Shengquan Che is summarizing the need for Urban Eco-Development. To achieve innovation and technology transfer in these fields the successful German Fraunhofer model of applied research is to be established at Shanghai Jiao Tong University. „With the Shanghai Jiao Tong University we have found an excellent partner to implement an innovation hub for the construction sector in China“ Prof. Gunnar Grün underlines. „We join competences for sustainable solutions and high-quality engineering in urban planning and building construction“.
With the initiation event at the BAU Fenestration Fair in Shanghai the cooperation reaches a new level of pace towards the establishment of a Fraunhofer Project Center at the Shanghai Jiao Tong University. „The built environment has a vital role for the sustainable urban development. Consequently the German government is supporting this cooperation within its international strategy“ Germanys State Secretary Gunther Adler states and expects „I am sure that we will experience a large interest and substantial support from science, industry and politics in China.“
The Fraunhofer Project Center will focus on the built environment in the context of the urban eco-development. Therefor the research and development work will address the two scales: the urban district and the building.
For future districts the design and conception of an efficient energy supply are in view of an adequate cogeneration as well as a robust rain water management addressing water drainage and cultivation of green spaces are of utmost importance. Both issues are still not solved for a sustainable development of Mega-Cities: neither the boundary conditions for the coupling of combined heat and power supply that emerge from the locally concentrated energy demand in such urban environments -nor the conflicting use of space between sealed natural ground and green spaces
On Building scale the center will address the technological field of building information modeling, in order to enable sustainable construction and operation of real estate. Aside of savings in cost and time during design and built phase, such building information models can be used to obtain large efficiency gains during operation. Finally such consistent models will enable the effective prefabrication and an industrialized construction. The construction sector in China is still growing and aside of a large proportion of new buildings the challenge of modernizing the building stock is just around the corner. Besides prefabricated sustainable solutions the elaboration of an adequate building physical know-how is required, which will be supported by the Fraunhofer Project Center.