Ground and materials

Biocides, soil samples
© Fraunhofer IBP
Ground samples from column experiments to investigate the retention of biocides leached out from building products.

Every time building products come into contact with water, substances can be washed out and released into the ground and groundwater as the water drains away. During its passage, substances are exchanged between the ground and seepage water. At the same time, trace substances contained in the water can be degraded by organisms present in the ground. These transformation products usually have different ecological properties than the original material.

To classify the environmental properties of building products, it is essential not only to determine their constituents and potential to leach out but also to model the transport process from the building product to the aquifer. The passage of water through the ground is a critical path. Assumptions for this part of the model have to be validated and calibrated using standardized laboratory procedures.

Laboratory equipment and target parameters:

  • GC-MS: Gas chromatography with mass selective detection
    • Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB)
    • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)
    • Mecoprop esters
  • ICP-MS: Inductively coupled plasma with mass selective detection
    • Alkaline and earth alkaline metal ions (e.g. Na, K, Mg, Ca)
    • Heavy metals and trace elements inc. uranium
  • UPLC-MS/MS: Ultra performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry
    • Biocides, pesticides, pot preservatives, root penetration inhibitors


  • DIN 38407-35
  • DIN 38407-36
  • DIN EN 12880
  • DIN EN 16167
  • DIN EN 16171
  • DIN EN 16174
  • DIN ISO 18287

Industrial projects

  • UWMOD - Modeling the environmental properties of common plasters and mortars for external use

Research projects

  • Development of an extraction and analysis method to quantitatively determine the content of MCPP and MCPP esters in polymer bitumen waterproofing membranes (German Institute for Building Physics P 52-5- 20.95-2021/18)